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McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best called a Formula One fabricator and likewise has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis manufacturer, and has actually won the Canadian-American Obstacle Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing championship. The group is the 2nd oldest active, and second most effective Solution One team after Ferrari, having won 182 races, Motorists' Championships and eight Manufacturers' Championships. The team is a completely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their biggest initial success was in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. More American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren automobiles for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the group to their first Formula One Constructors' Champion in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 also marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Task Four Racing; Dennis took over as group principal and quickly after organised a buyout of the original McLaren investors to take complete control of the team. This began the team's most successful age: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them 7 Chauffeurs' Championships and the group took six Constructors' Champions. The combination of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later their competition soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English more info group Williams offered the most constant difficulty during this duration, the two winning every contractors' title between 1984 and 1994. Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Solution One, Senna had actually relocated to Williams, and the team went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and previous Williams designer Adrian Newey, further champions was available in 1998 and 1999 with driver Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the group corresponded front-runners, motorist Lewis Hamilton taking their most current title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, turning over to long period of time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season because 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time considering that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had actually settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season up until a minimum of 2024. After at first going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren revealed in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works driver for the British Formula One team Cooper with whom he had won 3 Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Champion. Wishing to contend in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, but when team owner Charles Cooper insisted on utilizing 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce chose to set up his own team to run him and his prospective Solution One colleague Timmy Mayer with customized Cooper automobiles.